.FREE PDF ⚆ A Great and Noble Scheme: The Tragic Story of the Expulsion of the French Acadians from Their American Homeland ⚆ eBooks or Kindle ePUB free
For staunch history buffs, this is a book you can sink your teeth into an account of the despicable 1755 events that historians claim bear a striking resemblance to recent ethnic cleansings, the Yugoslav succession, the Ottoman Turk operations against the Armenians, the Nazi war on the Jews, the Soviet deportation of the Chechens and the conflict between ethnic groups in Burundi and Rwanda.Defined as a purposeful campaign of one ethnic or religious group to remove, by violent and terror inspiring means, the civilian population of another ethnic or religious group from a certain geographic area , the operation was carried out by Anglo American forces, deporting civilians, treating prisoners cruelly and inhumanely, and destroying communities needlessly.This is marked as one of the most appalling episodes in North American history where children were separated from parents, husbands from wives, brothers from sisters Retrieved, long lost historical documents name the spiteful and reprehensible perpetrators Read the book to see who has apologised for this travesty and who has not Well written story about the Acadians, their attempts to be neutral during the rivalries of Europe in the New World It traces their history and culture and the genocidal actions against them by both the British and Colonists of New England. This book clearly lays out the difference between the French and the British in their approach to colonization of North America It s a good companion to David Hackett Fischer s Champlain s Dream.Some key points 1 The French Acadians tended to view the native Americans as or less co equals, intermarrying and adopting many of their practices.2 Many French Acadians were master farmers, draining marshlands like the Dutch to create fertile fields and pastures Early 1600s diaries show Acadians to be eating remarkably balanced and ample meals complete with salads, fruits, meats After kicking the Acadians out, the British realized how bad they, themselves, were at farming and brought back some Acadians as hired help serfs, basically Typical British move.3 Acadians were a cussed independent lot Reminds me of the quip attributed to Charles DeGaulle The French can never be for something Only against The British didn t like it much when the Acadians refused to swear loyalty to the King of England or anybody else So, out you go 4 In the 1600s our lovely forebears in Boston colony launched military attacks against the Acadian settlements, burning some to the ground They didn t like having Catholics so close 5 The British did not send the Acadians to Louisiana, as is generally thought They scattered them all over the eastern seaboard The Acadians, themselves, discovered a warm welcome in Louisiana and started contacting relatives to join them there, leading to the creation of Cajun as in Acadian culture.This is another good book providing background information on how different North American cultures, different places, were built on different ideas It leaves one wondering, What if When you consider all the awful things that have been done to various groups of people over the last couple centuries, in particular the way Europeans have historically treated Africans and Native Americans, it is easy to understand why the Acadians and THEIR crummy lot have been somewhat forgotten This book is a great reminder of why what happened to the Acadians is important The expulsion of the Acadians from what is today Nova Scotia, Faragher points out, is an early example of what we today call ethnic cleansing And it is important to remember that this ethnic cleansing happened almost a century before that famous of American ethnic cleansings, the Trail of Tears The success of this action set a precedent it did actually prove to be possible for the British New Englanders to round up and deport an entire ethnic group that they found troublesome Faragher s research suggests that ten thousand exiles died as a result of this campaign disease, shipwreck, starvation, exposure, in addition to guerrilla attacks and reprisals and yet the world did not turn on the Americans or British for their actions This is one of those books that will cover an entire chapter of history for you If you want to know about who the Acadians were, and are, and what happened to them, this is the tome for you If you are only interested in the expulsion, you might find it a little long winded though Faragher gives the entire history of the Acadians as a people leading up to the expulsion of the 1750s, plus he includes a little on the remnants of the Acadians afterwards and their attempts to build new communities, in Louisiana the Cajuns and in New Brunswick All this info means that the expulsion doesn t actually happen until about 300 pages into the book I was still wrapped up in it, because this is my wheelhouse, historically, and I m fascinated by the decades of relations between the French in Acadia and the English in Massachusetts They had long standing connections, especially through trade, as Faragher repeatedly illustrates, and it seems crazy to think that eventually Massachusettsites would choose to help eradicate these people And yet Faragher makes a good argument about how this really comes down to the actions of a group of men, who put this plan into motion and found that nobody stood in their way I read this while traveling in New Brunswick and PEI, and it was really ironic to read about the awful tragedy that happened to these people while visiting the Acadian shore of New Brunswick, where Acadian flags fly proudly from half the homes and everyone speaks french It was really inspiringthe people who carried out this plan openly intended to destroy this entire culture They wished to disperse them so thinly that they would be forced to blend with the protestant Americans and they would die as a distinct group But it didn t work And in the Loyalist Province today, you have a third of the population speaking French as their mother tongue You can visit the Acadian historic village and eat Acadian food, and listen to Acadian radio and attend Acadian festivals The Acadians won, in the long run Way to go guys I m sorry my ancestors helped to deport you and then stole your farms. I actually wasn t expecting much of this book, since it was on the remainders pile at the Harvard Bookstore when I picked it up for 4.00 or something I only bought it because it s the story of the expulsion of the Acadians from their original Nova Scotia homeland, and the history of them before or since Since my family is Acadian, it was worth a look for 4.00 Turns out it s an engaging story of colonial North America, mixed with French and British imperial politics, religious conflict, racial prejudice, different relationships with the native Mikmaq of the peninsula, a forgotten angle of New England history, and a convincing condemnation of a distant forerunner of modern ethnic cleansing campaigns, made gentler only because the thousands of deaths it caused were by neglect and accident, not primary intent.And it was pretty well written too I d recommend it, whether or not you re of Acadian heritage, and don t have the cheap thrill of seeing your various family names listed out in the narrative. Among the particulars of the experience of the Acadiens, I thought this book offered some really interesting insights into the abstract trends of the period regarding citizenship, individual rights, nation states, etc The author could have gone into this But maybe it s better for the reader to figure it out on her own.For example, the fact that people could take the oath towards the English monarch and become a citizen with all the attendant rights was a new thing that had recently been decided by a judge in a decision regarding other colonies ignoring that second class citizenship because you re catholic thing oh and also it doesn t extend to natives Or what I found really interesting was how England and France were kind of both wooing the Acadiens because they desperately needed farmers living in the area who could provision the garrisons There s some really interesting tension between the idea that a state owns the people when they own the land vs individuals having some leverage because they provide value to the state.It s really interesting how the typical story of the western hemisphere, currently, is that the British and settlers ended up dispossessing the native americans because of a wacky misunderstanding about what constitutes land stewardship I.e., white people didn t get that the land belonged to the natives because they didn t see the signs typical in their own culture like permanent residences, fields of monoculture crops, etc I m not sure whether cultural misunderstanding is supposed to pad the blow or make it worse At any rate, to counter that idea is this example in the 16 and 17 hundreds of a people who came from a very similar european culture, of whom some could speak english, were Christian, farmed and lived in nearly the same ways as the English and New Englanders, but were still brushed aside in the name of expansion.While I find that really interesting, it s also one of the ideas I keep getting caught on whenever the author delves into the ethnic cleansing theme This seems like a transitional period from standard warfare to the horrific commodification and genocide of people later in the history To repeat, I see it as a transition where the author sees it as a brand new thing I m not a historian, but my superficial understanding of warfare in olden times is that common people were always getting screwed over by it Their crops and livestock were always getting destroyed as a double tactic of depriving them of food while provisioning the army It was always a mentality of us against them and it was always, underneath, about claiming land and power That a group of culturally foreign people were allowed for so long to hang around an area after their government lost claim to it and be offered citizenship in the conquerer s government is what strikes me as oddly modern about the whole story, not that they got kicked out.I do appreciate that the author makes the distinction that war is often used as an excuse for ethnic cleansing, but I m not sure that this stops being a war simply because it takes place over a century and the people are given lots of opportunities to assimilate and claim citizenship which they never do or get out The idea that you have to have a legal excuse to kick people off of land that your empire wants is what strikes me as modern here Even today, most people don t have sovereign ownership of their land they have it by virtue of the government of the country it s contained in giving them rights to it There are still plenty of countries where non citizens can t own land or businesses I mean, if your family has lived on and taken care of land in Hong Kong for generations but now after the handover from Britain to China, China wants to use eminent domain to use your land for something else, then it s not your land any It s totally shitty, but it s not the holocaust.This history was really, really interesting, I just never totally got on board with the tragic aspect of how it was told Like, again, it talks about the lands of Nova Scotia being these people s ancestral home but in all other contexts I m familiar with, we call this white people stealing land I can t help but feel like the author is maybe putting a gloss on it by talking about how they reclaimed land in order not to trespass on Mikmaq territory and the alternate form of colonialism where they intermarried and blended cultures with the Mikmaq is really interesting, but you can t look at that completely outside the context of the larger picture which was that the natives of the entire continent were getting pushed out of the way by a rapidly increasing population up and down the coast The author even sort of brags about the tremendous growth rate of the Acadiens The fact that fewer Mikmaq were around in the later decades because they d died off from disease is really sort of not exculpating.Sorry to keep banging on the negative Scattering the Acadiens in a half assed unilateral way resulted in a lot of deaths and damage to their culture but, again, the fact that it wasn t smoother is a result of a weaker state power wielded across an ocean and is thus a harbringer of greater independence for the individual okay, okay, I ll stop The English and the Protestant establishment did a lot of shitty things to other cultures End of. .FREE PDF ⚑ A Great and Noble Scheme: The Tragic Story of the Expulsion of the French Acadians from Their American Homeland ♉ In , New England Troops Embarked On A Great And Noble Scheme To Expel , French Speaking Acadians The Neutral French From Nova Scotia, Killing Thousands, Separating Innumerable Families, And Driving Many Into Forests Where They Waged A Desperate Guerrilla Resistance The Right Of Neutrality To Live In Peace From The Imperial Wars Waged Between France And England Had Been One Of The Founding Values Of Acadia Its Settlers Traded And Intermarried Freely With Native M Kmaq Indians And English Protestants Alike But The Acadians Refusal To Swear Unconditional Allegiance To The British Crown In The Mid Eighteenth Century Gave New Englanders, Who Had Long Coveted Nova Scotia S Fertile Farmland, Pretense Enough To Launch A Campaign Of Ethnic Cleansing On A Massive Scale A detailed and interesting account of an episode in colonial era North America little known in the US, aside perhaps from the descendants of the Acadians This may vary by locale I would assume that awareness will be higher in Maine and the Canadian maritime provinces, much as awareness of early Dutch and Swedish settlement is higher in New York and New Jersey It was indeed tragic how the perception of the British and their colonists, colored by not only national but also sectarian rivalry, made the problem of Acadia a self fulfilling prophecy with a solution only too familiar to students of twentieth century history The author points out that the culprits in the expulsion of the Acadians themselves seemed ashamed of their actions if the coverup afterward is anything to go by, with material missing or truncated in archives, or filed in obscure places in the hope no one would go looking for it. Thoroughly researched and meticulously documented, this historical narrative of the first instance of ethnic cleansing on the North American continent chronicles the tale of the French Acadian Diaspora For two reasons this is not easy, light reading Firstly, it is painful to re imagine the suffering and loss of family endured by the so called French Neutrals in Nova Scotia Secondly, this book is written with such painstaking historical detail that it must be read unhurriedly in order to absorb it in its entirety This chapter of American history, not widely studied, merits the attention of those who demand to learn than just the glorious episodes of our past The author does an admirable job in the retelling this tragic event in America s narrative Yea I finally finished it It was really wonderful and now I am wondering why didn t I learn about this in highschool history or even in my college history classes This was ethnic cleansing at it s worst I knew that I was Cajun but now I know where my ancestors come from It is so sad to know that over 10,000 Acadian s lives were lost in their removal from Nova Scotia The protestants were not tolerant to any other religions They removed the Catholic Acadians and then 100 years later they kicked out the Mormons from their homes This book should be part of American History classes at least at the college level.